Traditional stories with a conventionalised structure.
A report about someone's experience, biographic and not conventionalised.
An account of the properties of natural or cultural objects and phenomena, or procedural instructions.
A dialogue between two or more native speakers.
A public monologue.
Common plots and features
Human children of animals
Both in Vanuatu and in the Saliba data, we find a variety of stories where demigod-like actors who usually descend from animals are irresistible to humans of the opposite sex. They are often admired for their magical powers but may also incite envy. Their animal mothers are often killed.
Origins of places / rocks / formations
A common motive in both the Saliba data and the stories from Vanuatu is someone serving baked feces to their enemy.
Hansel and Gretel
The theme of the evil step mother who wants to abandon or eat her step-children appears to be quite widespread.
Competition between animals
Animals holding a competition also appears to be quite a common theme.